Introduction of APSCO:
The Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) was formally inaugurated in 2008 with the objective of the peaceful uses of space by developing space applications, exploiting space technology and exploring space science for promotion of sustainable social-economic development and benefit people in the Asia-Pacific region. The participants from Asia-Pacific countries unanimously agreed on promoting the multilateral cooperation in space technology and its applications in Asia-Pacific Region, and establishing consequently the APSCO. APSCO Member States are Bangladesh, China,Iran, Mongolia,Pakistan, Peru, Thailand,Turkey.
Introduction of ICD,CEA:
Institute of Crustal Dynamics (ICD), China Earthquake Administration (CEA) is a national-grade institution. It was established in 1966 after the Xingtai M6.8 earthquake. It originally belonged to the Ministry of Geology and was put under the administration of State Seismological Bureau (new named CEA) in 1971. It is a comprehensive multi-displinary institution covering crustal dynamics, earthquake observatory theory and technology, earthquake engineering and disaster emergency response research, etc.The instititue has 10 research divisions and 3 key labs or centers, i.e., Key of Crustal Dynamics, CEA, Center for Satellite Application in Earthquake Science and Beijing Engineering Research Center of Earthquake Observation Technology.
In the project, ICD is in charge of the project management, site support, and system maintenance and serve.
The member countries of the Asia-Pacific region plagued by the earthquake disaster should vigorously develop earthquake precursor monitoring technology to compensate for the limitations of the regional monitoring network. Based on the existing long-term ionosphere monitoring stations and research of the member States, we could provide a better service for earthquake scientific users and the ionospheric research users of APSCO member states. Meanwhile, on the basis of this shared platform, we could carry out ionospheric disturbances information extraction technology and earthquake case study of Asia-Pacific region to improve the Asia-Pacific region ionosphere model, explore earthquake ground-ionosphere coupling mechanism and provide technical support for seismic ionospheric disturbances.
The second phase earthquake project will continue to operate and improve The Ground-based Ionospheric Monitoring and Information Sharing Platform (GIMI), by adding several Chinese geomagnetic observatories and observatories from Member States (MS）. Secondly, observations from the CSES satellite and other remote sensing satellites will be shared to work collaboratively on observations of electromagnetic field, ionospheric parameters, infrared data, hyperspectral data to study earthquake disasters in the Asia-Pacific region. Thirdly, in order to validate and verify the satellite data collaborative and comparative experiments between satellites and ground-based instruments will be carried out under the supervision of the lead agency. Last but not least, by combining the ground-based and space-based source, a Stereoscopic Seismicionospheric Observation Application Platform (SOAP in abbreviation) will be established based on the GIMI platform in the region.
The objectives of this project:
1) Optimization and joint research of the ground-based ionosphere observation system
2）Data sharing and scientific cooperation of electromagnetic observations from CSES satellite in the Asia-Pacific region
3）Data sharing and scientific cooperation of ionospheric parameters from CSES satellite in the Asia-Pacific region
4）Data sharing and scientific cooperation of infrared and hyperspectral remote sensing in the Asia-Pacific Region
5) Data processing reliability analysis and multi-parameters comparison between ground and satellite observations
6) Establishment and joint application of the integrated seismic-ionospheric observation platform in the Asian-Pacific region
The Asia-Pacific region is the most disaster-prone region on the Earth, accounting for over 60% of the world’s disasters. The diversity, scale and frequency of natural disasters are daunting, including earthquakes and seasonal typhoons and floods. And the earthquake is the most destructive, claiming thousands of people, billions of dollars of damage and severe hardship to millions of people each year in the Asia-Pacific region. However, the earthquake monitoring capabilities of many Membmer States still lack development, so how to promote the earthquake monitoring ability is a common problem faced by many Member States.
Based on the existing long-term ionosphere monitoring and the research foundation of the Member States to establish a multi-source remonte sensing earthquake observation system is a necessary way to improve the safety and economic prosperity in the region. APSCO EARTHQUAKE RESEARCH PHASE II project has been approved in 2019 to build the SOAP for data transfer/access to geomagnetic stations in MS and to satellite products shared by the project.